Recognition of Berari goat at National Level by ICAR, New Delhi
Berari goat has recently recognized at national level as 23rd goat breed of India. The Accession number of Berari is "INDIA_ GOAT_1100_BERARI_06023". Berari is reared mainly for meat purpose in Vidarbh region of Maharashtra. As a unique feature, animals have light to dark strips on lateral sides from horn base to nostrils of face. The scientific study of Berari at phenotypic as well as genotypic level in all districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and efforts for recognition of Berari goat was undertaken by Dr. S. V. Kuralkar, Associate Professor and Head, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, PGIVAS, Akola and his team.
Originated from BERAR region of Central Province & Berar, which is recently known as Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. Goat prominently occurs in Nagpur, Wardha, Amravati and Akola districts, however, also occurs in rest of the districts of Vidarbha region.
Unique Breed Characteristics:
i) Black coloured ring around neck in adult male.
ii) Black hair line along with the vertebral column extending upto tail.
Berari goat and Deccani sheep research, demonstration and training centre, Borgaon manju is a old cattle breeding farm established in the state. On establishment of MAFSU, during 2007, mandate of the farm is changed with an aim to conserved & multiply Berari goat and deccani sheep.
Due to the lack of any geographical barriers and little controlled breeding by Government/breed societies, there has been large inter-mixing of breeds continuous to each other over the centuries resulting in dilution of breed characteristics making more than 75 percent of the population nondescript.
The indigenous breeds have mostly evolved through natural selection primarily involving adaptation to ecological conditions of their home tract, management system and to a limited extent to meet the economic needs. However, in more recent years, improvement through selection, primarily based on physical conformation and to a very limited extent on production, has been emphasized.
The Berari goat are slowly diminishing in their number and losing their identity in their natural habitat. The present status of the breed is not known and the information in the literature is very limited. No systemic programme has been initiated for its improvement that tempted to undertake research for recognition of this goat breed.
Considering the adoptability trait of this breed in the Vidarbha region of the state it is essential to conserve and improve the native breeds for the production potential on sustainable basis for human economic food. Future planning for Conservation & breeding policy to be adapted it was decided that at Borgaon Farm initially 200 barari females and 20 berari male goats shall be purchased from the region and as per suggestion of Deptt. of AGB, breeding policy shall be adopted to get sizable population of pure Berari goats.